According to Today. The ancient map of Africa in showed the three kingdoms in West Africa from where the new country called Nigeria was created by the colonial masters.
The three kingdoms existed on the map of Africa for more than years before Nigeria was created in The kingdom of Biafra and Benin shared common boundaries and had the Atlantic Ocean in the South with direct access to the sea, through their bays known as Bight of Biafra and Bight of Benin. Catch all the Scoop on www. This is laughable. Biafrans need to think with sense for others to take them seriously bcos their ideology is becoming a total joke.
In my opion this is the first time they are making a valid point from reasoning. Making reference to the UK. A Wales will always differentiate himself from an English man lol evens scots do the same thing Ireland too lol but from the outside we see them as Britons I mean all of them. Na was poo! They must think that Niger Deltans are daft. Their inordinate ambition to drag Niger Deltans into their kingdom and conjuring false history is their albatross.
Who are the Niger Deltans? Maybe this will guild you through. You are highly ignorant and bereft of simple logical reasoning. Have you bordered to undertake a historical adventure to unravel the reality or otherwise in the claim of IPOB?
Bight of Biafra
Who was M. Are these names Igbo names by any indication? Brows them up and tell me if they never took ownership of Biafra and served her meritoriously. Nigerian Youths are so gullible, so daft and highly uninformed. The fact that history was banned in our school curricullum does not mean young people can not task themselves and undergo personal studies to understand how Nigeria was concorted by the Britsh in Pls defend your territory and support your people.
Where BN readers? Abi the headline no reach to comment. I wan see the people wey ready to move tru tru abi all na wash. Pls speak up now! Not all Igbos are pro-Biafrans.The name Biafra — as indicating the country — fell into disuse in the later part of the 19th century . A map indicates that the region known as "Biafra" Biafra was located in present-day Cameroon.
The internationally unrecognized self-declared state of Ambazonia also borders the Bight of Biafra. By the middle of the eighteenth century, Bonny had emerged as the major slave trading port on the Bight of Biafra outpacing the earlier dominant slave ports at Elem Kalabari also known then as New Calabar and Old Calabar. Between andthe slave trade from the Bight of Biafra accounted for over two-thirds of slaves exported to the New World. InPortugal transferred control of Fernando Poo and Annobon to Spanish suzerainty thus introducing Spain into the early colonial history of the Bight of Biafra.
InGreat Britain made illegal the international trade in slaves, and the Royal Navy was deployed to forcibly prevent slavers from the United StatesFranceSpainPortugalHollandWest Africa and Arabia from plying their trade.
On 30 JuneBritain established its military influence over the Bight of Biafra by building a naval base and consulate on the island of Fernando Po under the authority of the British Consuls of the Bight of Benin: . On 6 Augustthe Bight of Biafra and the neighboring Bight of Benin under its own British consuls became a united British consulate, again under British consuls:.
Inthe Eastern Region of Nigeria seceded from the Nigerian State and adopted the name of its coastline, the adjoining Bight of Biafra, becoming the newly independent Republic of Biafra. This independence was short-lived as the new state lost the ensuing Nigerian Civil War.
Inby decree, the Nigerian government changed the name of the Bight of Biafra to the Bight of Bonny. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 2 November Indiana University Press, Cambridge University Press, Retrieved 11 July Univ of Wisconsin Press, Retrieved 4 December Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Hidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing undetermined-language text.
Gulf of Guinea map showing the Bight of Biafra. Gulf of Guinea Atlantic Ocean. NigeriaCameroonEquatorial GuineaGabon.Modern-day Nigeria has been the site of numerous kingdoms and tribal states for millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms.
Nigeria became a formally independent federation inand a republic insubsequently plunging into a civil war from — As a result of the unnecessary continuous killings of Southern Biafran Christians who were residing at the Northern part of Nigeria, by the Nothern Moslems: Biafra declares its independence from Nigeria, Nigeria does not recognise this and invades Biafra, thus beginning a Civil War!
Kenneth Dike. Judge James S. The marchers came from an interfaith service at St. Thomas Episcopal Church at 53rd St.
A Biafran doctor hands out cups containing the daily ration of powdered milk to a line of children at a refugee camp in Anwa, Biafra, Aug.How to apply builder gel with tips
A federal Nigerian soldier holding an anti-tank bazooka is seen covering the end of the Aba-Umuahia road where Biafran troops hold positions, Sept. Original Caption: An Ibo soldier captured by Nigerian troops near Owerri in Biafra throws up his hands in anguish as his captors tell him he will die as a traitor, Sept. Biafra Declaration 30th mayby Lt. Col Odumegwu Ojukwu, as a result of the senseless killings of the Biafran people.
Ojukwu and the Biafra RAP built airports and roads, refined petroleum, chemicals and materials, designed and built light and heavy equipment, researched on chemical and biological weapons, rocketry and guidance systems, invented new forms of explosives, tried new forms of food processing and technology.
Biafran Former Head of State Ojukwu, listens to his army commander alexander madiebo centre earing a peak cap. Biafran women and children outside White House in an effort to see first lady Lady Bird Johnson Oct 5 about starving countrymen back home in war-torn Biafra. Company of Biafran soldiers leave their positions to advance on a Nigerian position yards away during the Aba offensive, Aug.
Jubilant Nigerians in the capital city of Lagos cheer as they read of the surrender of the rebel Biafran forces, Jan. Major General Yakubu Gowon at Dodan barracks, stands before a map of Nigeria as he tells reporters at a press conference that the war will be over in weeks — Sept 13 General Ojukwu stands before a map during the war, addressing the press.
New head of state Lt.
Odumegwu Ojukwu in Enugu shortly after the declaration of independence and formation of the new state of Biafra, June 10 takes the oath of office. Wounded soldier attended by Igbo medic Biafra Nigeria April Why has there been an outcry against brutalities committed in Rwanda, Darfur, Liberia, South Africa, etc…. A young mother breast feeds her five-month-old baby boy while holding her starving four-year-old daughter, near Anwa, Biafra, Aug.
The daughter died a few hours later. This was dramatically captured on film. It breaks my heart to recall the huge sacrifices that these young men made for a cause that they believed in.
The lame leading the blind. Inspecting the front during the civil war.The idea has been pushed by the Radio station run by a rather radical individual, Nwannekaenyi Kenny Okwu- Kanu, who goes by the alias, Nnamdi Kanu. Or perhaps Ojukwu was suggesting an ancestral origin outside Nigeria in the Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon region.
The maps can be seen on the Princeton University website and enlarged to examine. We have brought out the relative parts below. The name Biafra-as indicating the country-fell into disuse in the later part of the 19th century. We call on all Nigerians and foreigners to resolve to intellectual redress of pertinent matters and to refrain from insult, disrespect and violence www. Are you saying the Biafra agitators in Nigeria need to go to Cameroun to fight for their land or those living in Biafara in Cameroun should come and get them?
Your analysis, if correct, will confuse many more than they are now. SmartMugu : Are you saying the Biafra agitators in Nigeria need to go to Cameroun to fight for their land or those living in Biafara in Cameroun should come and get them? There is every probability that the Biafra youths can only rely on stories they heard from their parents or various versions of history available to them; which in most cases will not tally; one person's experience of the Biafra war would be different from the other person's narration of it.
Ojukwu's fight for Biafra never mentioned potential affiliations with Cameroon or Equitorial Guinea, so I doubt if the youths would make any sense of your hypothesis. May be sharing your sources can help. People would likely rely on history as passed onto them from those that actually saw the war and only understood Biafra should be carved out of Nigeria from the original Ojukwu's Biafra fight. I really wish Nigeria kept records in databases, so we don't have to rely on records external communities feed us.
They may be intended to further prevent us from understanding one another than the way it is today. Nice analysis! But why is the rest of the country so worried by the move to breakaway from Nigeria by the Biafran Agitators?Coward animal
Let them go peacefully nauuu! If your sister is in a marriage where she's fed up with her husband and her inlaws, won't you let her return in peace? Abi na by force to dey inside marriage forever in this 21st century? Free them oooo.Post a Comment. Pages Home About Us. Saturday, 2 July Mapping out the new Biafra. In the process of doing this, a lot of factors are taken into consideration. Integrities and reputations of elders who are usually the judges and deciders are established or destroyed in land matters.
Depending on how they handled land issues. So, in Igbo society the people take geographical maps seriously. And if we are talking of Biafra where the Igbo are involved, the Biafra in question is a supposedly geographical and political independent or self-governing sovereign state then we must make every effort to define the extent and boundaries of this sovereignty right from the start.
Most of us are familiar with the Biafra map of between May 30, and January 15, the old Biafra. But I wonder how many of us have contemplated what the map of the new Biafra will look like. In the old map many natural Biafran geographies were excluded such as Biafra lands on the west bank of the Niger.
But we know the reason why. However, as most of us will recall, many of the best and greatest Biafran war generals and heroes were from the west bank. As we all know, the old Biafra and the Biafrans of old; the people who defined the first Biafra, did not have the luxury of time and knowledge which the new definers are privileged to have.
The old Biafra was a child of circumstance which was thrust on the people by the exigencies of events and emergencies of their time. But we must acknowledge that these people performed so creditably well that some of us today have always wondered how they were able to do what they did with the little that they had. These people faced almost an entire hostile and unsmiling world, looked at it in the eyes, and did not blink.
The reason is because they wanted to survive. The old Biafra in the face of all odds, became a modern model of self-defense and the best illustration of the principles of Self Determination. The old Biafra was the only option and the best option available to the people.
To them Biafra was the only right thing to do.Comic rack
The old Biafra remains a study in excellence and an insight into how to translate dreams and impossibilities into realities because the best and the brightest of Biafrans rallied to make that Biafra possible. In tragedy, because the best of the people came together to work for the common good and for the honor of Fatherland, Biafra became a success and a pride that today fifty years after, continues to elicit memorable and nostalgic feelings. But the truth is that we cannot dwell in the past and reminisce for eternity the exploits and accomplishments of generations past.
At the same time, we must never discard or treat lightly the great achievements of our fathers and mothers. We must always stand on their shoulders and start from where they stopped. But each generation must fight their own battles and win their own victories.
This generation cannot shy away from the noise of battles or shirk from the sight of blood and expect to win accolades and laudable historical memories from coming generations. And the truth is that this generation cannot expect to win and do great things if the best and the brightest of the people continue to shy away from this task of securing freedom and a homeland for the Igbo an endangered ethnic and religious people in Nigeria.
So long as the best and the most honorable of us continue to abandon this duty to the less gifted and the not so honorable characters among us, then the battle will be stretched and Igbo honor and prestige will be diminished.
In the end, if a geographical space and sovereignty is achieved, it would have become a pyric victory and the inadvertent creation of another Nigeria with a different name. Arapuru obodo ndi aru, obodo awo nke ndi aru. If we leave this task to the mediocre and the frustrated and uninformed, uncouth and undiplomatic activists and freedom fighters from among us, the ideals and lofty dreams of the new Biafra will become the playing field for the frustrated and the home of abhorrent mediocrity.
If the best among us should abandon this job to the less gifted as is, then the new Biafra would have been lost as the old Igbo society got lost when the Whiteman came and sold to the Igbo the idiocy of chieftaincy titles, igwe stools and that hollow mockery of human dignity and honor when every Igbo son and daughter began to refer to themselves as princes and princesses.
In Igbo society today, there are more chiefs than the Igbo as the greatest struggle has become who will go by the biggest sounding titles.
Every Igbo person today must prefix his or her name with Dr. The other purpose which the title mongering serves is to intimidate the less privileged among us. And this is historically and literally true.You can edit the text in this area, and change where the contact form on the right submits to, by entering edit mode using the modes on the bottom right. You can set your address, phone number, email and site description in the settings tab.
Link to read me page with more information.
Discussions about Biafra, almost without exception, will make reference to Chukwuemeka Ojukwu. They typically mention Nigeria's military coups, and some even make reference to Nigeria's colonial status under British rule beginning in What is rarely even suggested is that any civilization at all existed in the region prior to the British presence and before Nigeria.
What is also omitted is the origin of "Biafra" to which people constantly refer. How old is Biafra? Did it materialize out of nothing into existence in or is there more to the story?
A brief examination of literary, cartographic, and institutional information reveals that Biafra not only existed beforebut also that it is at least hundreds of years old. Before surveying the evidence, it is necessary to appreciate two basic facts:. First, the region that would later become known Nigeria was densely inhabited well before the arrival of European visitors.
It comes as no surprise that there were indigenous civilizations that existed in this region such as but not limited to the Oyo, Benin, Nok, Kano, Bornu, Nri, Arochukwu, Kanem, etc. Second, these indigenous nation-states maintained economic and political relationships with their neighbors while retaining sovereignty of various degrees as independent countries do today.
Biafra is in a region of West Africa once referred to as Guinea. In figure 2 is a close up image showing all of Upper Guinea and part of Lower Guinea. He continues. Ashantee is the most powerful, civilized, and commercial kingdom in the western part of Africa. The capital of Ashantee, is Coomassie, which is said to contain 40, inhabitants. Dahomey is a powerful and fertile kingdom, and is inhabited by a savage, ferocious and warlike people.
The capital of Dahomey, is Abomey, … Benin is scarcely known to Europeans: but is represented as a fertile and well watered country, and is said to be inhabited by an industrious and humane people.
The capital is Benin. Biafra borders the gulf of Biafra, and is almost wholly unknown. Its capital is Biafra. How authentic is the brief description?
The author seems to list them in accurate order from the west to the east. Olney became an American standard in geography. He sold millions of copies of his books. Olney was not alone in his reference to Biafra.
Like Olney he also mentions that at the time little was known about Biafra besides its location. Figure 3 below shows a map published in Bonne that again locates Biafra.
BIAFRA BEFORE 1967
Bonne was an established cartographer that eventually served as the Royal Cartographer of France in Some have remarked on the conflicting references to Biafra as in both Upper and Lower Guinea. From figure 2, it becomes clear how this is possible.Must Read. The idea has been pushed by the Radio station run by a rather radical individual, Nwannekaenyi Kenny Okwu-Kanu, who goes by the alias, Nnamdi Kanu.El clon final
Or perhaps Ojukwu was suggesting an ancestral origin outside Nigeria in the Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon region. The maps can be seen on the Princeton University website and enlarged to examine. We have brought out the relative parts below.
The name Biafra-as indicating the country-fell into disuse in the later part of the 19th century. I don't intent to sound disrespectful but I will call a spade a spade The truth is most reasonable igbo people r not in support of secession. Only d greedy n power-hungry ones are They say they want freedom, freedom from what or from who?
You wanna produce a president n yet ur mentality is dat of an enslaved people. Any Nigerian can be president if he or she knows how to play politics right. Today u say d north n west have ganged up against u to remove ur brother out of Aso Rock, is Jonathan an Igbo man? Igbo people r industrious n creative but they lack the basic knowledge of how politics is played Ngige as an APC chieftain is supposed to be the Senate President if he had won but he lost n his only crime was being an APC member the so called hausa n yoruba party.
If Biafra is given to them, I bet u that they will beg to come back to Nigeria in less than a year because Anambra, Imo, Ebonyi, Enugu, n Abia will all want to produce the first Biafra president. And since that can't be possible, they will share Biafra into five more countries. In 'Anambra Country', an Awka man will wanna be president, an Abagana man will also want to be so Anambra will be shared into God knows how many countries too Abeg let's stay together jor.
Igbo brother n sisters abeg learn the act of politics n master it the way u do ur businesses, then u will produce a president. KingEli : make I go enter cockpit I de cum Spactacle : Interesting Very. Op, I'm sorry to announce this, but the biafrans no dey now, they still dey protest and they might not see this cos many of them are now in prison.
Land of the rising Cameroun. As this Biafrans are busy sharing lands up and down, trying to share ondo to Edo, dem no know say na cameroun dem come from sef, but wait o, this map na lie, Biafrans are from Israel, the missing tribe, the chosen generation, the Jews of Africa, its just a pity most of them don die for one silly protest today, while many more are in detention and their Oga still dey chop watery beans from the Zoo government prison.
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